Dysphagia has a detrimental effect on quality of life, particularly among people with learning disabilities. The cause of the condition must be identified to assess risk, plan management and, above all, ensure the safe administration of medicines. Yet, although people with learning disabilities and swallowing difficulties may be at serious risk if their conditions are not diagnosed and managed appropriately, there has been a lack of guidance on the subject in the UK. This article explains how a multidisciplinary group of UK healthcare professionals shared their knowledge about dysphagia in a guideline for best practice. It also describes how to determine its causes and emphasise the importance of the condition. The article covers the administration of medications to people with swallowing difficulties, the importance of regular and comprehensive reviews of medications, and the need to involve the people concerned and their carers in such reviews, and in care planning. It also deals with some of the legal principles underpinning this area
of care, where many service users have insufficient mental capacity to make necessary decisions.